What are they?
Any pain that you experience in any part of the head is called a headache. However, there are many different types of headaches including migraine, cluster, and headaches originating from nerve irritation.
Tension headaches (also known as muscle-spasm headaches) are the most common type of headache, and they are often the result of a neck or jaw problem, poor posture, fatigue or stress. Any problem that results in tension in the muscles at the back of the head can place pressure on the nerves to the face and head, which triggers the headache (Figure 1).
A tension headache usually begins at the back of the head and spreads to the top of the head. You may feel either pain and/or a pressure sensation. Some people feel pain and muscle tightness along the cheeks near the jaw bone. And these symptoms often worsen with specific postures – like sitting at a desk, using a handheld device, or playing video games – and ease with rest. If you have no posterior head discomfort and the pain is only on the sides of the head or behind your eyes, it is not likely to be a tension headache.
Take the tennis ball test
If you have been dealing with headaches that originate from the base of your neck, you may be experiencing tension headaches. And if these headaches vary in intensity based upon your various postures and positions, the likelihood is greater. To verify if your headache symptoms may be tension-related, take the tennis ball test.
Then lay on your back on a fairly solid surface and place the tennis balls at the base of your head where it meets your neck.
Perform a mild chin tuck, which should roll the tight muscles over the tennis balls.
If this area is tight and sore, and if this mild self-massage relieves pressure and reduces the head pain, there is a good chance that you deal with tension headaches.
When should I call a physical therapist?
Because there are many causes for muscle tension headaches, it is important to see a physical therapist. Your PT will be able to ask appropriate questions and perform additional tests to determine the most likely cause of your headaches. Once the origin of your problems is identified, your PT will work with you to correct the problems, which may include:
Call us at (866) 588-0230 if you have been experiencing tension headaches and the tennis ball test is positive. Please understand that living with pain is not an option. There is a solution, and often it is pretty easily fixed. Your movement specialists at Kinetic Edge Physical Therapy are equipped to help you experience better comfort and performance to restore your health, happiness, and hope!
Information adapted from Move Forward and the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA)